Sudan-Egypt "Four Freedoms" agreement

Sudan and Egypt ease border controls


The Sudanese parliament has ratified an agreement with Egypt that allows citizens of the two countries to live and work in each other's territory.


The parliament approved the so-called Four Freedoms Agreement on Tuesday, which was concluded between Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and Sudanese President Omar el-Bashir in Cairo in January.


The agreement gives Egyptians and Sudanese freedom of movement, residence, work and ownership in either country.


Considering the precarious life that Sudanese refugees in Egypt live, this could mean a lot for them. But I don't see the Egyptians ratifying and putting into effect this agreement anytime soon, particularly as the issue of foreign workers in Egypt is becoming more controversial.
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Issandr El Amrani

Issandr El Amrani is a Cairo-based writer and consultant. His reporting and commentary on the Middle East and North Africa has appeared in The Economist, London Review of Books, Financial Times, The National, The Guardian, Time and other publications. He also publishes one of the longest-running blog in the region, www.arabist.net.