Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn, Ibn KhaldÅ«n Meets Sultan al-Narir, ink drawing (ca. 1650)
"Politics is the ordering of the household or the city as they ought to be according to the requirements of ethics and wisdom so that the multitude could be made to follow a path leading to the protection and preservation of the species."
â€“ AbÅ« Zayd â€˜Abdu r-Rahman bin Muhammad bin KhaldÅ«n (Ø§Ø¨Ùˆ Ø²ÙŠØ¯ Ø¹Ø¨Ø¯ Ø§Ù„Ø±ØÙ…Ù† Ø¨Ù† Ù…ØÙ…Ø¯ Ø¨Ù† Ø®Ù„Ø¯ÙˆÙ†), Muqaddimat (Ù…Ù‚Ø¯Ù‘Ù…Ø© Ø§Ø¨Ù† Ø®Ù„Ø¯ÙˆÙ†) i, 62 (1377 CE)(M. Mahdi transl. 1957)