What the Mubaraks own

When you've lived in Egypt long enough and you take an interest in politics, sooner or later you'll hear a story about how one of Mubarak's sons edged himself into a business. The one I heard was about one of the more prominent members of an old Egyptian family -- what would have been called under the monarchy a Pasha.

The family didn't have that much money left, but enough to start businesses and be able to take take advantage of certain business opportunities. This elderly man, at some point in the 1990s, managed to become the dealer for one of the more prominent European car brands. The car retail industry is a lucrative one in Egypt, and the dealerships are much sought after.

As he was about to sign the deal, he received a visit from Alaa Mubarak, Gamal's older brother. He offered him to become a 50% partner in the new venture -- the venture that he had spent a number of years trying to set up. It was, as they say in The Godfather, an offer they couldn't refuse.

A few months later, the man died. His relatives say he withered away at the shame of having been taken advantage of and being robbed of his property.

And now, read this compilation of all the brands the Mubaraks have a stake in. I don't know if it's all true, but I know for a fact that some of it is. But basically it means it's practically impossible not to hand over some of your money to the Mubaraks if you live in Egypt.

There is one I would like the add to the list. Hussein Salem, the owner of the Movenpick Jolieville in Sharm al Sheikh (where the president has a residence), has long been a frontman for Mubarak. Most of his activities have to do with weapons dealing (or so I've heard from one of his employees). But lately, he's been involved in a deal with an Israeli businessman that was just sealed: the purchase of Egyptian gas for the next fifteen years by the Israeli Electricity Company. This multi-billion dollar deal, in which Mubarak personally intervened with Ariel Sharon to solve when it was being blocked by board members of the electricity company and some ministers, has been talked about in the press by as part and parcel of Middle East. The Bush administration is said to have encouraged it as part of Egypt's normalization with Israel.

And then you wonder why Egyptians aren't positive about normalization...
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Issandr El Amrani

Issandr El Amrani is a Cairo-based writer and consultant. His reporting and commentary on the Middle East and North Africa has appeared in The Economist, London Review of Books, Financial Times, The National, The Guardian, Time and other publications. He also publishes one of the longest-running blog in the region, www.arabist.net.